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From Bioblast

high-resolution terminology - matching measurements at high-resolution



Converstion between different motive formats and corresponding motive units (Gnaiger 2020 BEC MitoPathways)


Different formats can be chosen to express physicochemical quantities (motive entities or transformants) in corresponding motive units [MU]. Fundamental formats for electrochemical transformations are:

  • N: particle or molecular format of a count; MU = x
  • n: chemical or molar format of amount; MU = mol
  • e: electrical format of charge; MU = C
  • m: mass format; MU = kg
  • V: volume format; MU = m3
  • G: exergy format; MU = J
  • H: enthalpy format; MU = J
  • S: entropy format; MU = JยทK-1
Communicated by Gnaiger E (2018-10-20) last update 2020-12-01


Bioblast linkReferenceYear
Gnaiger E (2020) Mitochondrial pathways and respiratory control. An introduction to OXPHOS analysis. 5th ed.
Gnaiger E et al โ€• MitoEAGLE Task Group (2020) Mitochondrial physiology.

MitoPedia concepts: Ergodynamics