De Lima Junior 2018 EBioMedicine
|De Lima Junior JC, Souza GF, Moura-Assis A, Gaspar RS, Gaspar JM, Rocha AL, Ferrucci DL, Lima TI, Victório SC, Bonfante ILP, Cavaglieri CR, Pareja JC, Brunetto SQ, Ramos CD, Geloneze B, Mori MA, Silveira LR, Segundo GRS, Ropelle ER, Velloso LA (2018) Abnormal brown adipose tissue mitochondrial structure and function in IL10 deficiency. EBioMedicine 39:436-47.|
De Lima Junior JC, Souza GF, Moura-Assis A, Gaspar RS, Gaspar JM, Rocha AL, Ferrucci DL, Lima TI, Victorio SC, Bonfante ILP, Cavaglieri CR, Pareja JC, Brunetto SQ, Ramos CD, Geloneze B, Mori MA, Silveira LR, Segundo GRS, Ropelle ER, Velloso LA (2018) EBioMedicine
Abstract: Inflammation is the most relevant mechanism linking obesity with insulin-resistance and metabolic disease. It impacts the structure and function of tissues and organs involved in metabolism, such as the liver, pancreatic islets and the hypothalamus. Brown adipose tissue has emerged as an important component of whole body energy homeostasis, controlling caloric expenditure through the regulation of non-shivering thermogenesis. However, little is known about the impact of systemic inflammation on the structure and function of brown adipose tissue.
The relations between IL10 and mitochondria structure/function and also with thermogenesis were evaluated by bioinformatics using human and rodent data. Real-time PCR, immunoblot, fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy were employed to determine the effect of IL10 in the brown adipose tissue of wild type and IL10 knockout mice.
IL10 knockout mice, a model of systemic inflammation, present severe structural abnormalities of brown adipose tissue mitochondria, which are round-shaped with loss of cristae structure and increased fragmentation. IL10 deficiency leads to newborn cold intolerance and impaired UCP1-dependent brown adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration. The reduction of systemic inflammation with an anti-TNFα monoclonal antibody partially rescued the structural but not the functional abnormalities of brown adipose tissue mitochondria. Using bioinformatics analyses we show that in both humans and mice, IL10 transcripts correlate with mitochondrial lipid metabolism and caspase gene expression.
IL10 and systemic inflammation play a central role in the regulation of brown adipose tissue by controlling mitochondrial structure and function.
Sao Paulo Research Foundation grant 2013/07607-8.
Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.
• Keywords: Inflammation, Interleukin-10, Mitochondria, Obesity, Respiration, Thermogenesis • Bioblast editor: Plangger M
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Genetic knockout;overexpression, Pharmacology;toxicology Pathology: Diabetes, Obesity
Organism: Mouse Tissue;cell: Fat Preparation: Isolated mitochondria
Coupling state: LEAK, ET Pathway: N HRR: Oxygraph-2k