CHNO-fuel substrate

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CHNO-fuel substrate


CHNO-fuel substrates are reduced carbon-hydrogen-nitrogen-oxygen substrates which are oxidized in the exergonic process of cell respiration. Mitochondrial pathways are stimulated by CHNO-fuel substrates feeding electrons into the ETS at different levels of integration and in the presence or absence of inhibitors acting on specific enzymes which are gate-keepers and control various pathway segments.

Abbreviation: CHNO

Reference: Gnaiger 2020 BEC MitoPathways

MitoPedia topics: Substrate and metabolite