Committee 2018 COPE Discussion Document

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Committee 2018 COPE Discussion Document

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Committee on Publication Ethics (2018) Discussion document on preprints. COPE Discussion Document

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Committee on Publication Ethics (2018) COPE Discussion Document

Abstract: A preprint is a scholarly manuscript posted by the author(s) in an openly accessible platform, usually before or in parallel with the peer review process. While the sharing of manuscripts via preprint platforms has been common in some disciplines (such as physics and mathematics) for many years, uptake in other disciplines traditionally had been low, possibly influenced by differences in research culture and strong opposition by some journal publishers [1]. The landscape has evolved rapidly in other fields in recent years, however, thanks to the launch of additional, discipline-specific preprint platforms and increased support by funders and initiatives such as ASAPBio[2, 3].

Keywords: Preprints Bioblast editor: Gnaiger E

Selected quotes

  • Are preprints publications? The views on this vary among disciplines, journals, and editors, but in general, preprints are not considered prior publication in a way that would prevent later publication after peer review in a journal. However, they share a number of features with journal articles; for example, they report content in scope and format that may be similar to that submitted to journals, and many platforms assign Digital object identifiers (Dois) to preprints and will send the preprints for indexing in services such as Google Scholar[8].
  • Preprint platforms are encouraged to enable authors to revise their work, since the opportunity to obtain feedback is a key goal. Where preprint platforms allow revisions to posted preprints, there should be clear version histories for reader reference, what changes were made and when should be clearly designated with each version of the preprint.